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Bevacizumab combined with docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine, followed by maintenance with capecitabine and bevacizumab, as first-line treatment of patients with advanced HER2-negative gastric cancer: A multicenter phase 2 study

Meulendijks D, de Groot JW, Los M, Boers JE, Beerepoot LV, Polee MB, et al

Cancer. 2016 May 1;122(9):1434-43

Abstract
 

BACKGROUND:

The current study was a multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 study performed to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of bevacizumab combined with docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine (B-DOC) in patients with advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, previously untreated, gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma.

METHODS:

Tumor HER2 status was determined centrally. Patients received 6 cycles of bevacizumab at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg, docetaxel at a dose of 50 mg/m(2) , and oxaliplatin at a dose of 100 mg/m(2) (all on day 1) combined with capecitabine at a dose of 850 mg/m(2) twice daily (days 1-14) every 3 weeks followed by maintenance with capecitabine and bevacizumab in patients with disease control. The primary objective was to demonstrate a progression-free survival (PFS) of >6.5 months, according to the 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Secondary endpoints included safety, objective response rate, overall survival (OS), analyses of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and pharmacogenetic analyses.

RESULTS:

Sixty eligible patients were enrolled. The median PFS was 8.3 months (95% CI, 7.2-10.9 months). The objective response rate was 70% (95% CI, 55%-83%) and the disease control rate was 96% (95% CI, 85%-99%). The median OS was 12.0 months (95% CI, 10.2-16.1 months). According to CTC-AE v4.0, the most common treatment-related grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (20%), leukocytopenia (18%), diarrhea (15%), and nausea/vomiting (15%). The presence of CTCs at baseline was strongly predictive of PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 3.8; P =.007) and OS (HR, 3.4; P =.014). The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T genotype was strongly associated with PFS (HR, 4.7 for TT vs CC or CT; P =.0007) and OS (HR, 5.9; P =.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The B-DOC regimen plus maintenance was feasible and active. CTCs were found to be prognostic in patients treated with B-DOC. Docetaxel-based triplet chemotherapy as a backbone for targeted therapies is feasible and deserves further study. Cancer 2016;122:1434-1443. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

©PubMed Central


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